Vincent Van Gogh
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Vincent Van Gogh is a Dutchman painter. He was born in 1853 in Groot Zunder.
After his studies, he worked for The Goupil House – a art gallery- then as language teacher.
It’s in 1880 that he decided to devote himself to paint and left for Brussels. Beginning with simply copies and some drawings, it’s under the influence of his brother Theo that he started painting peasants, cabins, cemeteries and domestic interiors (the potatoes eaters, 1885).
After the death of his father, Van Gogh decided to join his father in Paris. He discovered impressionism and Japanese art (Father Tanguy Self-Portrait) and became a friend with Toulouse Lautrec, E.Bernard and A.Guillaumin.
In 1888, he moved on South France where the beautiful light of Provence inspired him some paintings such as: Saint-Maries views, Garden with flowers, Coffee of night.
The arrival of Paul Gauguin in his house lead to a period of mutual encouragement, and then a period of crisis that caused the departure of Gauguin. Desperate, Van Gogh cut the ear lobe and was interned.
His style alternates between a dark period inspired by Rubens and Breitner (use of bright-dark and heavy material) and a more spontaneous and colored period (Montmartre Mound, 1887) with a change in the composition as Japanese print (The Arlesienne, 1888). His personal touch is more and more expressive: Self-Portrait with cut ear, 1889.
On July 27th 1890, Van Gogh shot himself and died two days later, leaving nearly 800 paintings and almost as many drawings. His work became quickly famous because of his important innovation in colors, gesture and construction, especially among the Fauves and Expressionists.