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Eugène Delacroix was a French painter born on April 26th 1798. After studies at Fine Arts and Architecture School in 1816, from 1822, he displayed at the Salon: Dante and Virgile in hell.
From 1826, Delacroix associated with Victor Hugo and his friends. Their common interest in middle age will give birth to “troubadour” style, which will influence Ingres and Delacroix too.
“Massacres of Scio” (1824) and “Scardanapale death” paintings put him in the category of romantic painters, and even if they were criticized, those paintings brought him some mural decorating orders, for example for Le palais Bourbon (works made between 1833 and 1847) and for Le Louvre (1840-1846).
Theodore Gericault has an important influence on Delacroix and his way of painting. Indeed, he uses the same techniques of shade and light contrasts that give depth and volume to models. Moreover, he uses the same colors than Gericault such as Prusse’s blue, vermilion, brown and colored white.
The representation of massacre and horror scenes combined with the use of “harsh” colors (Freedom leading people 1830) puts Delacroix among the most controversial artists.
In 1832, after a journey in Morocco, the work of Delacroix turns towards an oriental and romantic aspect (Algerian women in their flat, 1834), with privacy and luminous scenes.
In 1855 at the Universal Salon, his triumph propels him as an artist who has gone past his initial training to revitalize paint. Nevertheless, he remains the romantic paint main character.