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Pierre Auguste Renoir is a French painter and sculptor. He was born on February 25th 1841.
In 1862, he applies for Fine Arts and Architecture School and becomes a friend of C.Monet and A.Sisley.
The first work he exhibited at the Salon was a great success: Esméralda, 1864. Already in this painting, we discover the beginnings of Impressionism, with colored shadows on the landscape.
In 1874, he participates in the exhibition of Nadar, a photographer, with one of his masterpiece: The scene, in which Renoir attaches great care to depiction of women, especially in its naked, bathed in light.
Galette’s mill ball (1876), Umbrellas (1883) are major works of Impressionism, as Mrs. Charpentier and her children (1878) which was very well welcomed when it was exhibited at the Salon.
In 1881, Renoir went in Italia where he discovers the Pompeian paint. He feels like his paint is “sour” in comparison. This crisis period goes until 1887. This year, his famous painting titled “The bathers” is introduced to the public, but, this time, it suffers a virulent critic of academy and artists like Pissarro or Paul Durand-Ruel.
From 1890 to 1900, Renoir changes his painting style again and his painting Young Girls playing piano (1892) is well accepted, which encouraged him in this way, mixing impressionism and fluid lines. His growing success allowed him to try new techniques and discover sculpture, in collaboration with Richard Guino, young Catalan sculptor. Between them, they will depict major pieces of modern sculpture: Venus Victrix, Judgment of Paris, The great washer, The blacksmith.
During about sixty years, Renoir painted about six thousand pictures. This record will be exceeded a few decades later by Picasso.