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Jean-Leon Gerome was born in Vesoul Haute-Saône 11 May 1824 and died in Paris January 10, 1904, is a French painter and sculptor member of the Academy of Fine Arts.
Emblematic of academic painting of the Second Empire, he composed scenes orientalist, mythological, historical or religious. He reintroduced the polychromy in sculpture. In Paris in 1841, he became a pupil of Paul Delaroche he accompanied to Italy in 1844-1845. Upon his return, he became known in the Salon of 1847 by its Cockfight, painting that already shows real attention to detail for which he received the gold medal. He then became leader of a new school, the Greek Revival, which also included among its members the painters Jean-Louis Hamon and Henri-Pierre Picou1. Then he changes gender and exposes the Virgin, the Infant Jesus and Saint John, and as for Anacreon, Bacchus and Cupid. Gérôme get a second medal in 1848.
That same year he painted The Republic, on loan from the City of
Paris Les Lilas, where it is exposed at the town hall since 1922. He then directed: Bacchus and Love drunk, Greek Interior and Souvenir d'Italie (1851), View of Paestum (1852), Idylle (1853).
Gérôme made trips to Turkey, on the banks of the Danube in 1854 and Egypt in 1857, while fulfilling his many books dessins.Sa reputation increases dramatically. He exhibited in September 1857 Salon paintings of a more popular, including the output of the masked ball and the Duel of Pierrot.
In 1859, he sent the show a Death of Caesar and two little compositions, full of scholarly detail, one depicting a detail of gladiators and entitled Ave Caesar, the other representing King Candaules. In 1861, he published: Phryne before the Areopagus, from Socrates seeking Alcibiades in Aspasia, the two augurs. His best works have been inspired by the Eastern trend, based on Ottoman and Egyptian subjects: The Prisoner and Turkish Butcher (1861), The Prayer, The Door of the Mosque El-Hasanein in Cairo (1866), The Charmer snake (1880) Market to slaves Market strolling Cairo Stroll harem.
He often painted historical scenes such as Louis XIV and Molière (1863), The Reception of Siamese Ambassadors at Fontainebleau (1865), The Death of Marshal Ney (1868), the eminence grise (1873), Reception of Grand Conde Versailles (1878), scenes which emphasize the dramatization of the story and the attention to detail compared to traditional history paintings. By 1862, his paintings are widely distributed.
In 1864 he became professor of painting at the School of Fine Arts newly created.
Gerome knows a great success during his lifetime, so it has his bust in the courtyard of the Institut de France. His marriage to Marie Goupil, the daughter of one of the greatest art dealers of the time, Adolphe Goupil, contributing to its commercial success, especially in the United States, where his father-in-spread photographic reproductions of his work. Yet at the end of his life, his fierce hostility to the Impressionists, whom he considered "the disgrace of French art," contributing to the decline in popularity, particularly in France where the Impressionist movement was perhaps the more marked changes in the art, at a time when Paris was the center of Western art. In France, as an artist representative of the school that preceded the Impressionists, he became the symbol of the academy. But thanks to American collectors who bought his lifetime, many museums keep his works in the United States. His influence was decisive in the aesthetics of Italian cinema and peplums Hollywood.
An American scholar, Gerald Ackermann, helped make it famous again by building the catalog of his works and by organizing the first exhibition devoted to him in 1981 in Vesoul, the birthplace of Gérôme.