Richard Parkes Bonington
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Richard Parkes was born in 1801 in Arnold (in the Nottingham earldom). His parents immigrated to Calais in 1817.
15 years old, he started painting. He began studying at Le Louvre where he met Delacroix.
In 1821-1822, he studied at the Fine Arts and Architecture School under the direction of Baron Gros. He first painted landscapes of Normandy and Picardy, and in 1822, exhibited two watercolors at the Salon. He then became one of the figureheads of the new French school.
In spring 1826, he spent three weeks in Venice; he made many marine and historical paintings but came back with tuberculosis.
In 1827, he worked with great energy and exhibited in London. The following year, he came back to Paris, where his health deteriorated quickly. He returned to London where he died on September 23, 1828.
He contributed to make discover the painting of Constable in France, which will influence the Barbizon school. The history of France inspired him two famous paintings: Henri IV and the Spanish Ambassador in 1827 – owned by the London Wallace collection- and the present François I and the Duchess of Etampes which was painted the following year and now preserved in Le Louvre.