Jan Van Eyck
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Flemish painter, Jan Van Eyck was born in Maastricht in 1390. He worked between 1422 and 1424 in the Hague, at the court of Jean of Bavaria, and entered to the service of Philippe III of Burgundy in 1425. In 1428, he left for Portugal as a member of the embassy sent by the Duke of Burgundy to Jean Ier to ask for the hand of his daughter Isabelle.
After this journey and a stay in the Iberian peninsula, he settled in Bruges around 1430, and remained there until his death.
He is considered as the initiator of the new Flemish painting, moving progressively away from the Gothic tradition.
On his brother's death, in 1426, the painter Hubert Van Eyck, took over the execution of the great Altarpiece of Ghent (Adoration of the lamb) and completed it in 1432. It is a fundamental work of Flemish renaissance composed of twelve panels and that impresses as much by its monumental size as by the stunning naturalistic evocation of details.
The artist's discoveries on the properties of pigments and colours would contribute to the development of the legend that Jan Van Eyck was the inventor of oil painting.