Francesco Giorgo Martini
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Francesco di Giorgio Martini is the son of Giorgio di Martino del Viva, family of minor nobility of the sword after the order of Tau (Knights of St. Jacques Altopascio - XI century) and he was baptized September 23, 1439 to Siena as Franciescho Maurizio di Giorgio di Martino Pollaiuolo.
He married November 3, 1467 Cristofana di Cristofano di Compagnatico-Loli, but in 1486, a document states that he received a dowry of 300 florins, which indicates a new marriage with the daughter of Antonio di Benedetto Nerocci of Siena, this suggesting that his previous wife died in childbirth giving birth to her only son Andrea Di Giorgio Loli to be elected captain regent of San Marino in 1497.
After the student Vecchietta, he began as a painter in the 1460s, alongside Neroccio di Landi. His collaboration with Neroccio is dissolved July 6, 1475 and from November 1477 Francesco is called to live in Urbino, near the court of Federico da Montefeltro, where he is engaged primarily as military architect, for the realization of many fortifications in the castles of the duchy of Urbino. He applies his military principles: radial plane, triangular bastions, towers above casemated with batteries, use of explosive devices to attack and defense (headquarters of Castellina in Chianti). He built a total of one hundred thirty to six buildings for the lord of Urbino Federico da Montefeltro, civil and militaires1.
It also occurs in the work of the ducal palace commissioned by the Duke to the Dalmatian architect Luciano Laurana. With Cosimo Rosselli, Roberto and Frederico Barocci Valturio he began the decorations of the palace and was resumed in 1472. It is likely, with Botticelli, the author of studiolo plans of Frederick, made by Baccio Pontelli.
In 1488, for places of political and diplomatic entrusted by the Sienese Republic, he returned to his hometown.
In 1490, he met a young Leonardo da Vinci and Giovanni Antonio Amadeo in Milan on the occasion of the architectural consultation for the erection of the lantern tower of Milan Cathedral, commissioned by Ludovico Sforza.
In May 1491, he was hired to inspect local fortresses in the region of Naples and the duchy of Calabria.
In 1499 he was appointed master builder of the Work of the dome of Siena.
In 1500, it is called in the Marches for stability problems in the dome of the Basilica of Loreto.
He died in Siena 29 November 1502.